Conservation applications

A. CBD National biodiversity strategies and action plans (NBSAPs)
NBSAPs assist countries to:
  1.  Develop national strategies, plans or programmes for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity
  2.  Integrate, as far as possible and as appropriate, the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity into relevant sectoral or cross-sectoral plans, programmes and policies.

Co$ting Nature and WaterWorld tools can help in the implementation of NBSAPs in the following ways:
  1. Making biodiversity and ecosystem service information available to support decision-making at a range of scales from national to local: example
  2. Mapping biodiversity and ecosystem services both inside and outside of protected areas using globally consistent data: example
  3. Identifying the distribution of pressures and threats driving biodiversity (example) and ecosystem service (example) loss including climate change: 
  4. Mapping the consequences of (habitat) change for the delivery of ecosystem benefits to people: example
  5. Valuation of ecosystem benefits
  6. Exploration of consequences of national policy (example) or site specific (example) management  options in agriculture (example) and industry (example)
  7. Understanding the relationship between the the distributions of biodiversity and of ecosystem services: example
  8. Projecting future changes in biodiversity and ecosystem services: example
  9. Designing, comparing and testing policies and approaches to managing biodiversity example
  10. Examination of the magnitude and distribution of multiple benefits for different policies
  11. Monitoring and surveillance : by updating the land cover and use information and other inputs to the system change in biodiversity and ecosystem service metrics resulting from particular policy interventions or new threats can be assessed
  12. Making data and information available to the full range of people and organisations that have a role to play in delivering this strategy through improved data sharing, easy access and clear communication of a complex evidence base.  Providing a common knowledge platform which reduces power asymmetries through increase bio-and eco-literacy, enabling stakeholders to act and hold implementing organisation to account, see COMPANDES 
  13. Helping to identify the 'stack' of policies necessary to provide greatest economic and ecosystem service value from our ecosystems whilst securing biodiversity
These tools can help with many of the CBD Aichi targets but particularly:

Target 1: By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can  take to conserve and use it sustainably.
Target 2: By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems.
Target 11: By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well-connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscape and seascapes.
Target 14: By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.
Target 17: By 2015 each Party has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan.
Target 19: By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred and applied.


These tools can contribute to Measurement, reporting and verification for REDD+, particularly in the areas of:

  1. MRV for carbon both using current carbon and land cover, historic land cover change linking with terra-i and scenarios for future land cover change, see examples 
  2. Identifying and monitoring multiple benefits, particularly for biodiversity and ecosystem servicessee examples  


Waves will:

(a) Describe renewable water resources stocks - WaterWorld can be used to assess water balance (and thus renewable stocks) under current climate and land use and on a monthly basis. These stocks can be aggregated by national, administrative region, watershed or within zones of interest.  WaterWorld stock accounting incorporates water quality as well as water quantity. 

(b) Describe the evolution of these stocks during the accounting period - WaterWorld can be used to assess the impacts of population and industrial growth, land use change, climate change and land and water management interventions on the evolution of water quantity and quality stocks.  A single or ensemble of IPCC AR4 SRES or IPCC AR5 CMIP scenarios can be run on the baseline to understand climate change impacts on stock evolution.  Terra-i and other land use monitoring systems can be used to understand the impacts of land use/management on water stocks and a suite of management interventions can be tested individually or as stacked scenarios.